The Olympic Charter is a set of rules and guidelines for the organization of the Olympic Games, and for governing the Olympic movement. Its last revision was on the 9th of September 2013.
Adopted by International Olympic Committee
(IOC), it is the codification of the fundamental principles, rules and
by-laws. French and English are the official languages of the Olympic
Charter. If, at any time, there is a discrepancy between versions of the
text, the French text prevails.
Throughout the history of the Olympics, the Olympic Charter has often
decided the outcome of Olympic controversy. As expressed in its
introduction, the Olympic Charter serves 3 main purposes:
With its 5 chapters and 61 articles, the Olympic Charter outlines in
detail several guidelines and rules. This article highlights and
summarizes those items considered most important to governing the
Olympic Games, the Olympic movement, and its 3 main constituents: the
International Olympic Committee, the International Federations, and the
National Olympic Committees.
Chapter 1: The Olympic Movement and its Action
Article 2: The mission of the IOC is to promote Olympism
throughout the world and to lead the Olympic Movement. This includes
upholding ethics in sports, encouraging participation in sports,
ensuring the Olympic Games take place on a regular period, protecting
the Olympic Movement, and encouraging and supporting the development of
Article 6: The Olympic Games are competitions between athletes in individual or team events and not between countries.
Article 8: The Olympic symbol consists of five interlocking rings which, from left to right are blue, yellow, black, green and red.
Chapter 3: The International Federations (IFs)
Chapter 3 discusses the role of International Federations
(IFs) in the Olympic movement. IFs are international non-governmental
organizations that administer to sports at the world level and encompass
organizations administering such sports at the national level. For each
sport that is part of the Olympic Games, an International Federation
exists. These IFs work to ensure their sports are developed in a way
that agrees with the Olympic Charter and the Olympic spirit. With
technical expertise in its particular sport, an IF has control over
eligibility for competition as well as details of the venue in which the
athletic competition takes place.
Chapter 4: The National Olympic Committees (NOCs)
Article 28: The mission of the National Olympic Committees
(NOCs) is to develop, promote and protect the Olympic Movement in their
respective countries. The role of NOCs within each country is to
promote the spirit of Olympicism, ensure the observance of the Olympic
Charter, and to encourage ethics in and development of sports. They are
in charge of their country's representation at the Games, deciding on a
host city for the Games, and cooperation with governmental and
non-governmental bodies during the Games.
Chapter 5: The Olympic Games
This chapter addresses the celebration of the Olympic Games, the
selection of the host city, the eligibility code for participation in
the games, those sports included in the Games, media coverage,
publications, and propaganda allowed for the Games.
In addition, Section 3 of this chapter discusses applicable protocol
for Olympic functions and events. This includes an outline of use of the
Olympic flag, flame, and opening and closing ceremonie
In the media
The Olympic Charter is not simply a matter of unenforced policy for
the Olympic Games. Throughout history, it has served as guidance for the
proceedings of the Games. Below are a few of the most recent examples:
- 2012: The Lebanese judo team at the 2012 London Olympics refused to
practice next to the Israeli one, and a makeshift barrier was erected to
split their gym into two halves. The two teams were scheduled to use
the same gym and mats at London’s new ExCeL center for their final
preparations. However, the delegation from Lebanon would not train in
view of the Israeli team, and insisted some sort of barrier be placed
between them. Organizers accepted the Lebanese coach’s demand to
separate the teams, erecting a barrier so that the Lebanese team
wouldn’t see the Israeli one.
- 2011 / 2012: Human Rights Watch accused Saudi Arabia
of contravening the Olympic Charter by systematically preventing women
from practicing sports in the country, and by not allowing Saudi women
athletes to take part in the Olympic Games, thus violating the fourth,
sixth and seventh fundamental principles of the Charter, which every
member of the Olympic Movement is bound to. This came as Anita DeFrantz,
chair of the I.O.C.'s Women and Sports Commission, suggested that the
country be barred from participating in the Olympics until it agrees to
send women athletes to the Games. I.O.C. spokeswoman Emmanuelle Moreau,
however, indicated that the Committee "would not mandate that the Saudis
have female representation in London",
arguing that "the I.O.C. does not give ultimatums nor deadlines but
rather believes that a lot can be achieved through dialogue".
- August 2007: Edward McMillan-Scott, Vice President of the European
Parliament, called for a debate on whether athletes should boycott the
Beijing Olympics in response to human rights abuses. The continuing
evidence of persecution and human rights abuses in China cannot be
reconciled with the Olympic Spirit set out in Article 1 of the Olympic
Charter which seeks "respect for universal fundamental ethical
- 2 November 2005: Active lobbying against Lord Moynihan in the
election of the British Olympic Association (BOA) chairman. The Olympic
Charter calls for no government interference in Olympic Association
elections. Therefore, the issue is being investigated and if the Sports
Minister did mislead Parliament, a resignation will most likely ensue.
- May 2004: Bernard Lagat
became a US citizen 3 months before he ran track in Athens and won the
silver medal in 2004. The glitch is that he won the medal for Kenya,
which does not allow dual citizenship, and the Olympic Charter requires
each athlete to be a citizen of the country he or she competes for.
Lagat was permitted to retain his medal, but had to wait until 2007
before being eligible to compete in any other international athletics
- December 2004: It was discovered that Marion Jones,
5-time medalist of Track & Field at the 2000 Sydney Olympics, may
have been on several banned steroids and hormones when she competed.
Because the Olympic Charter states that no decision taken at the Olympic
Games can be challenged after a period of 3 years after the closing
ceremony, Jones could not lose these medals involuntarily except for doping
violations. Jones was later stripped of every Olympic medal dating back
to September 2000 after admitting that she took performance-enhancing
Protection of Olympism as a belief
There has been a suggestion from lawyers that, in the UK, those with a
strong belief in Olympism could benefit from protection against
discrimination in exactly the same way that followers of Islam, Christianity, Judaism or any other religion are protected
منشور المپیک مجموعه ای از قوانین و دستورالعمل هایی است که به منظور سازماندهی بازی های المپیک و هدایت جنبش المپیک وضع شده اند.
این منشور برپایه اساسنامه و قوانین و اصول اساسی کمیته بینالمللی المپیک (IOC) تصویب گردیده و آخرین بار در ۸ ژوئیه ۲۰۱۱ به روزرسانی شده است.
زبان های رسمی منشور المپیک فرانسوی و انگلیسی بوده و هر گاه مغایرتی در متون دیده شود نسخه فرانسوی ارجحیت خواهد داشت.
"عمل کرده ورزش جزو حقوق انسانی است. هر فرد باید امکان از تمرین ورزشی، بدون تبعیض از هر نوع و در روح المپیک، که نیاز به درک متقابل با روح دوستی، همبستگی و انصاف داشته باشد." منشور المپیک
برچسبها: منشور المپیک
, Olympic Charter